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Canadian Tax System

Canadian Tax System The tax system of Canada, like the systems of Russia and the United States, has a three-level structure: federal, provincial (territorial entities) and the level of municipalities. As in the United States, most tax revenues are credited to the federal budget of the country — about 60–65%. Direct taxes predominate to a large extent. But with indirect taxes in Canada has developed a very interesting situation.In addition to the federal-level VAT, many provinces charge additional sales tax. In addition, among developed countries, Canada is a leader in high excise rates. Such a situation with excisable goods is not accidental. Canada’s territory is literally flooded with tobacco products that are smuggled.We list several major taxes adopted in Canada: personal income tax;excise taxes; VAT; sales tax; corporate profit tax; real property tax of legal entities and individuals.The income tax has a progressive tax rate and is paid once per whole calendar year. It is charged twice - at the federal and provincial level. The situation is the same with the income tax of commercial structures. Filing a tax return is always a whole story for an individual. It is attended by all organizations and institutions that are even the slightest relation to the income of the taxpayer. Companies annually prepare for their employees documents on their income in the prescribed form. Banking and other financial institutions send customers information about the interest earned by them.The most difficult thing for a taxpayer is to put together a lot of these certificates. In Canada, a large number of tax consultants work, who mostly have an economic education. For a fee, they will help the client to legally optimize (that is, reduce) the tax burden.The trading system of Canada has one feature that usually becomes not a very pleasant surprise for tourists and guests of the country. The fact is that the prices of goods in stores, dishes in the menu of restaurants and cafes are always listed without sales tax. Therefore, tourists are unpleasantly surprised to see a sum of 11–13% more in the bill of a catering establishment than they expected. Locals take it very calmly and can calculate the final amount to pay on their own. 

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Australian Tax System Featured

The Australian tax system is represented by 2 levels:

  • level of state (central) government;
  • level of local governments.

The central government levies the following taxes: income, GST, excise taxes on tobacco, alcohol and gasoline, corporate tax, stamp duty, social security contributions, including compulsory health insurance. Local taxation includes commercial property tax, street parking fees, government grants, and others. 

Annual tax declarations can be lodged online through online tax return system, but more often tax payers lodge their taxes through the registered tax agents who lodge tax returns online.

The main tax in the Australia is income tax. The rates on it are progressive and depend on the type of income (bank deposit, dividends, wages and other income). In general, they can reach a level of 40%. And here the Australians have one small feature. The entire population of the country is divided into residents and non-residents. Residents pay tax on all their income received in the UK and abroad. Non-residents are obliged to pay income tax on income received by them within the country.

The Australian tax system has one very interesting feature, which may seem somewhat strange to us. The tax year in the Australia does not begin on January 1, but on 1 July and ends on 30 June of the following year. Therefore, the Australian authorities, having decided that they did not want to lose part of the taxes, postponed the beginning of the tax period to 01 July. Since 1800, the first day of the tax period was approved on 1 July. This date is still valid.

Corporate tax involves the taxation of corporate profits. The country has adopted a taxation system for 2 levels. It has been operating since 2006. If the company received a profit of 10 million dollars or more, then in this case the tax rate of 30% is applied. If the income was less than 10 million dollars, then it is taxed at a rate of 27.5% for 2019 tax return online.

 

 

 

 

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